= a difficult swimming-stroke to swim or impractical
 = means that this swimming-stroke never descripted clearly
 = the rating of the swimming-stroke (a rating of 8 is good to swim)
    PS: Swimming-strokes are derived based on their visual resemblance.





This swimming-stroke looks like the Backcrawl where the starting position is on the back and the body rolls when the legstroke begins. The arms are pulled over one at a time, just like with the backcrawl. The legstroke is a scissor-kick and starts when one of both arms is pulled over.

Three moments from the Back-trudgeon. During the pull-through of the left arm, the legs are kept still.


This swimming-stroke looks like the Backcrawl and the Long backstroke. The body position is on the back and the arms are kept under water while they are simultaneous pulled through horizontally in opposite direction compared with the Long backstroke.

The special legstroke looks very similiar to treading water. Because this swimming-stroke is swum backward to the direction of the feet, it is the intention to move your feet on a certain way so you will move backwards. The legs usually alternate continuesly while others add a short gliding-phase when the arms are moved above the head (see figure 6a).

The Stroke of Dalton, shown in schematic drawings.

Drawings 1, 7 and 8 are seen of aside. In drawings 2 to 6 we see the upper body from above and the lower body of aside. It's also possible to insert a short gliding-phase with stretched legs (see figure 6a).


Copyright © Stefan de Best